Virginia R&D Tax Credit Summary
VA R&D Tax Credit Available

Yes - The credit is effective for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2016
Credit expires on December 31, 2022


Eligible Entities

C-Corporations, S-Corporations, LLCs, Partnerships


Deadline for Tax Filing

Application due by 7/1


Data Required to Compute Credit
  • Claim Period VA Qualified R&D Expenses (QREs)
  • VA QREs for Prior 3 Years
  • Gross Receipts for Prior 4 Years

Credit Carryforward

None for RDC / 10 Years for MRD


VA R&D Credit Summary

Primary VA R&D Credit Method (RDC) - the credit is equal to:

  • 15% of the first $300,000 in Virginia qualified R&D expenses, or
  • 20% of the first $300,000 of Virginia qualified R&D expenses if the research was conducted in conjunction with a VA college or university, to the extent the expenses exceed the base amount.

Alternative Simplified Method (new for 2016):

  • 10% of the difference of VA QREs for the taxable year and 50% of the average VA QREs incurred for the three preceding taxable years.


Note: Major Research and Development Expenses Tax Credit' (MRD) is available for companies with VA QREs in excess of $5 million for the claim tax year.


Special Notes
  • The total amount of credits granted for each tax year cannot exceed $7 million.
  • The credit amount cannot exceed $45,000 or $60,000 if the Virginia qualified research was conducted in conjunction with a Virginia public or private university.

VA Research Tax Credit

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